Philip, Senator James 'Pate'

James 'Pate' Philip served in the Illinois House of Representatives from 1966 to 1974, and in the Illinois Senate from 1975 to 2002, when he retired. Senator Philip hailed from the Republican stronghold of DuPage County, and for most of his years in the Senate (1981-2002) he served as the leader of the Republican caucus. In 1993, after the Republicans won control of state redistricting, he became Senate President.  During his tenure as the Republican leader, Philip developed a reputation for being a 'straight-talking Marine.' He consistently fought for fiscal responsibility, was a traditional conservative on such issues as the Equal Rights Amendment, gun control, crime and the death penalty, and was a strong advocate for the interests of the Chicago suburbs and downstate. Also present during the interview was Carter Hendren, Senator Philip's chief of staff during his long tenure in the Senate.