What is Colorectal Cancer
According to the American Cancer Society, most colorectal cancers start as a growth on the inner lining of the colon or rectum. These growths are called polyps
. Some types of polyps can change into cancer over time (usually many years), but not all polyps become cancer. The chance of a polyp turning into cancer depends on the type of polyp it is. Colon cancer often has no symptoms. However, rectal bleeding can be a warning sign and should never be ignored. Notify your physician so that a detailed medical history, X-ray and possibly endoscopic evaluation may be done to make a diagnosis.
- Being overwieght or obese;
- Not being physically active;
- Certain types of diets:
- Diet high in red meats;
- Cooking meats at high temperature, like frying, broiling, or grilling;
- Smoking and;
- Alcohol use.
Colorectal Cancer Screening Guideline for Men and Women at Average Risk
Preventive screenings are covered at 100% in accordance with the Affordable Care Act through all State of Illinois health plans.
Ages 45 to 75: Get screened. Several types of tests can be used. Talk to your doctor about which option is best for you.
Ages 76 to 85: Talk to your doctor about whether you should continue screening. When deciding, consider your own preferences, overall health, and past screening history.
Age 85+: People should no longer get colorectal cancer screening.