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For Your Garden

Native plants provide beauty as well as food and shelter for wildlife. Native species are adapted to the Illinois climate. They require little or no watering and are resistant to drought, insects and most diseases. Because they are perennials, you can welcome their presence year after year.
 

field goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)
Photo © John Hilty

 
Field goldenrod is also known as gray goldenrod and old‐field goldenrod. Its gray‐green leaves are covered with fine, hairlike structures. Tiny leaflets are present in the axils of the leaves. The gray stem is densely covered with fine hairs. Both ray flowers (five to nine) and disk flowers are present in the yellow flower head. Many flowers are clustered on a stalk at the stem tip. Flowers tend to be present only on one side of the stalk. Field goldenrod may grow one and one‐half to three feet tall and is found statewide in Illinois. It grows in dry prairies, open woods, sandy soil, old pastures and fields. Flowers are produced from July through November. Many pollinators visit this species.
 
Continue scrolling down to see the alphabetical listing of previously highlighted species or click here to search species by garden type.
 
Classification and taxonomy are based on Mohlenbrock, Robert H. 2014. Vascular flora of Illinois: A field guide. Fourth edition. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale. 536 pp.

 Native Plant Information

 
For more information about native Illinois plants, including where to purchase them and planting guides, view the following publications at our publications page. You can access more information on the Schoolyard Habitat Action Grant page, too.
 
Click on the species' common name to go to the For Your Garden page.

 Common Name

 Scientific Name

Campanulastrum americanum
Lithospermum latifolium
Symphyotrichum oolentangiense
Andropogon gerardii
Rudbeckia hirta
Viburnum prunifolium
Liatris spp.
Sanguinaria canadensis
Caulophyllum thalictroides
Verbena hastata
Mertensia virginica
Collinsia verna
Rudbeckia triloba
Asclepias tuberosa
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Astragalus canadensis
Lobelia cardinalis
Rosa carolina
Stylophorum diphyllum
Polystichum acrostichoides
Gentiana andrewsii
Aquilegia canadensis
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Asclepias syriaca
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Phlox divaricata
Polypodium virginianum
Silphium laciniatum
Baptisia bracteata
Veronicastrum virginicum
Silphium perfoliatum
Actaea pachypoda
Helianthus mollis
Ratibida pinnata
Dicentra cucullaria
Delphinium tricorne
Thalictrum dioicum
Physostegia virginiana
Enemion biternatum
Smilacina racemosa
Solidago nemoralis
Doellingeria umbellata
Cornus florida
Penstemon digitalis
Zizia aurea
Solidago spp.
Hydrastis canadensis
Cornus racemosa
Angelica atropurpurea
Lobelia siphilitica
Arisaema dracontium
Corylus americana
Symphyotrichum ericoides
Lithospermum canescens
Verbena stricta
​Monarda punctata
Asclepias verticillata
Desmanthus illinoensis
Sorghastrum nutans
Chasmanthium latifolium
Arisaema triphyllum
Polemonium reptans
Trillium grandiflorum
Cypripedium parviflorum
Eupatorium serotinum
Amorpha canescens
Schizachyrium scoparium
Lupinus perennis
Liatris spicata
Ranunculus septentrionalis
Caltha palustris
Podophyllum peltatum
Anemone canadensis
Asclepias spp.
Vernonia sp.
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Ceanothus americanus
Allium cernuum
Elymus canadensis
​Heliopsis helianthoides
Echinacea pallida
Chamaechrista fasciculata
Diospyros virginiana
Pontederia cordata
Quercus palustris
Asclepias exaltata
Geum triflorum
Liatris pycnostachya
Drymocallis arguta
Coreopsis palmata
Silphium terebinthinaceum
Sporobolus heterolepis
Arnoglossum plantagineum
Asclepias sullivantii
Echinacea purpurea
Eutrochium purpureum
Asclepias purpurascens
Dalea purpurea
Helenuim flexuosum
Cardamine douglassii
Trillium recurvatum
Antennaria plantaginifolia
Eryngium yuccifolium
Juniperus virginiana
Cornus sericea
Cercis canadensis
Betula nigra
Silphium integrifolium
Liatris aspera
Coreopsis lanceolata
Sassafras albidum
Helianthus grosseserratus
Polygala senega
Amelanchier arborea
Mimulus ringens
Hepatica acutiloba
Dodecatheon meadia
Solidago speciosa
Desmodium canadense
Bouteloua curtipendula
Symphyotrichum sericeum
Symplocarpus foetidus
Symphyotrichum laeve
Polygonatum commutatum
Lindera benzoin
Tradescantia sp.
Lobelia spicata
Eutrochium maculatum
Impatiens capensis
Claytonia virginica
Cardamine bulbosa
Smilacina stellata
Oligoneuron rigidum
Rhus sp.
Asclepias incarnata
Hibiscus moscheutos
Quercus bicolor
Rudbeckia subtomentosa
Panicum virgatum
Heuchera americana
Eupatorium altissimum
Dentaria laciniata
Liriodendron tulipifera
Liparis liliifolia
Jeffersonia diphylla
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Euonymus atropurpureus
Nelumbo lutea
Helianthus occidentalis
Dalea candida
Erythronium albidum
Baptisia alba
Monarda fistulosa
Iris shrevei
Geranium maculatum
Asarum canadense
Camassia scilloides
Ruellia humilissia
Parthenium integrifolium
Senna hebecarpa
Hamamelis virginiana
Chelone glabra
Uvularia grandiflora
Erythronium americanum
Gentiana alba
Nuphar advena
Lithospermum incisum
Helenium autumnale