Native plants provide beauty as well as food and shelter for wildlife. Native species are adapted to the Illinois climate. They require little or no watering and are resistant to drought, insects and most diseases. Because they are perennials, you can welcome their presence year after year.
yellow puccoon (Lithospermum incisum)
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Also known as the fringed puccoon, the yellow puccoon can be found statewide in prairies, although it is more common in the northern one-half of the state than elsewhere. Flowers are produced from April through June. They have yellow petals that are crinkled and toothed at the end. The five petals per flower are situated at the end of a tube. This plant’s leaves are narrow, usually less than one-fourth inch wide. The flowers develop in a cluster at the stem tip and may curl downward. A single plant may be up to 15 inches tall.
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These plant species are native to Illinois, and most of them are good sources of nectar and/or pollen for animals that act as pollinators. Some of them provide food for larval stages of pollinators, too, and many of them provide shelter throughout the year. They are readily available for purchase from plant nurseries. These species are best for locations that receive sunshine for most of the day throughout the growing season.
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Classification and taxonomy are based on Mohlenbrock, Robert H. 2014. Vascular flora of Illinois: A field guide. Fourth edition. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale. 536 pp.