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Optional Plant List

 Full Sun Plant List

These plant species are native to Illinois and are good sources of nectar and/or pollen for animals that act as pollinators. Some of them provide food for larval stages of pollinators, too, and many of them provide shelter throughout the year. They are readily available for purchase from plant nurseries.​
 
COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME FLOWER COLOR MATURE HEIGHT BLOOMING PERIOD SPACE REQUIREMENTS
azure aster Symphyotrichum oolentangiense blue 2-3 feet August - November 1 foot
black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta yellow 1-3 feet June - October 1 foot
blue vervain Verbena hastata blue 3-6 feet June - October 1 foot
brown-eyed Susan Rudbeckia triloba yellow 2-5 feet June - October 2 feet
butterfly-weed Asclepias tuberosa orange 2-3 feet May - September 1.5 feet
Canada milk vetch Astragalus canadensis yellow 2-3 feet June - August 1 foot
common boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum white 3-4 feet August - October 1 foot
common ironweed Vernonia fasciculata purple 4-6 feet July - September 2 feet
common mountain mint Pycnanthemum virginianum white 1-3 feet July - September 1 foot
compass-plant Silphium laciniatum yellow 3-10 feet June - September 2 feet
Culver's-root Veronicastrum virginicum white 3-6 feet July - October 1.5 feet
cup-plant Silphium perfoliatum yellow 3-10 feet July - October 2 feet
downy sunflower Helianthus mollis yellow 2-4 feet July - September 2 feet
foxglove beardstongue Penstemon digitalis white 2-3 feet May - July 1 foot
golden Alexanders Zizia aurea yellow 2-3 feet April - June 1 foot
great blue lobelia Lobelia siphilitica blue 1-4 feet July - October 1 foot
hairy white aster Symphyotrichum pilosum white 2-4 feet September - October 1 foot
hoary vervain Verbena stricta purple 2-4 feet May - September 1 foot
horsemint Monarda punctata green-yellow 1-2 feet June - October 1 foot
Indian plantain Arnoglossum atriplicifolium white 3-6 feet July - September 2 feet
leadplant Amorpha canescens purple 3-5 feet May - August 1 foot
marsh blazing-star Liatris spicata purple 3-6 feet July - September 1 foot
New England aster Symphyotrichum novae-angliae purple 3-6 feet July - October 1.5 feet
New Jersey tea Ceanothus americanus white 3-4 feet June - August 3 feet
nodding wild onion Allium cernuum white 1-2 feet July - September 1 foot
Ohio goldenrod Oligoneuron ohioense yellow 3-4 feet August - October 2 feet
Ohio spiderwort Tradescantia ohiensis purple 2-4 feet April - August 1 foot
ox-eye sunflower Heliopsis helianthoides yellow 3-6 feet June - October 1 foot
pale coneflower Echinacea pallida purple 3-5 feet May - August 1 foot
prairie blazing-star Liatris pycnostachya purple 3-5 feet September - October 1 foot
prairie dock Silphium terebinthinaceum yellow 3-10 feet July - September 2 feet
prairie dropseed Sporobolus heterolepis red-gold 2-4 feet August - September 2 feet
prairie milkweed Asclepias sullivantii pink-white 3-5 feet June - July 1 foot
purple coneflower Echinacea purpurea purple 3-4 feet July - September 1 foot
purple prairie clover Dalea purpurea purple 1-2 feet June - September 1 foot
rattlesnake master Eryngium yuccifolium white 3-5 feet July - August 1 foot
rosinweed Silphium integrifolium yellow 2-6 feet July - August 2 feet
rough blazing-star Liatris aspera  red-purple 2-5 feet July - November 1 foot
round-headed bush clover Lespedeza capitata white 3-5 feet August - October 1 foot
sand coreopsis Coreopsis lanceolata yellow 1-2 feet May - August 1 foot
shooting-star Dodecatheon meadia white 1-2 feet April - May 1 foot
showy goldenrod Solidago speciosa yellow 1-3 feet August - October 1 foot
showy tick trefoil Desmodium canadense purple 3-5 feet July - September 1 foot
slender mountain mint Pycnanthemum tenuifolium white 1-3 feet June - August 2 feet
smooth aster​ Symphyotrichum laeve blue 2-4 feet July - October 1 foot
Solomon's-seal Polygonatum commutatum green-yellow 1-3 feet April - June 1 foot
stiff aster Oligoneuron album purple 1-2 feet July - September 1 foot
stiff goldenrod Oligoneuron canescens yellow 3-5 feet July - October 1 foot
swamp milkweed Asclepias incarnata pink 3-5 feet June - August 2 feet
sweet black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia subtomentosa yellow 4-6 feet July - September 1 foot
western sunflower Helianthus occidentalis yellow 3 feet July - October 1 foot
white wild indigo Baptisia alba white 3-5 feet May - August 3 feet
wild bergamot Monarda fistulosa purple 2-5 feet May - August 2 feet
wild petunia Ruellia humilis purple 1-2 feet May - October 1 foot
wild quinine Parthenium integrifolium white 3-5 feet June - September 2 feet
wild senna Senna hebecarpa yellow 4-6 feet July - August 2 feet
yellow coneflower Ratibida pinnata yellow 3-6 feet July - October 1.5 feet
yellow sneezeweed Helenium autumnale yellow 4-5 feet July - November 1 foot

 Woodland Plant List

​These plant species are native to Illinois, and most of them are good sources of nectar and/or pollen for animals that act as pollinators. Some of them provide food for larval stages of pollinators, too, and many of them provide shelter throughout the year. They are readily available for purchase from plant nurseries. These species are best for locations that are shaded or in partial shade for most of the day throughout the growing season.

American bellflower Campanulastrum americanum
black haw Viburnum prunifolium
blue cohosh Caulophyllum thalictroides
​blue phlox Phlox divaricata
bluebells Mertensia virginica
calico aster Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
columbine Aquilegia canadensis
common chokecherry Prunus virginiana
Culver’s-root Veronicastrum virginicum
doll’s-eyes Actaea pachypoda
dwarf larkspur Delphinium tricorne
early meadow rue Thalictrum dioicum
firepink Silene virginica
goat’s-beard Aruncus dioicus
golden Alexanders Zizia aurea
golden ragwort Packera aurea
heart-leaved aster Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Jack-in-the-pulpit Arisaema triphyllum
Jacob’s-ladder Polemonium reptans
inland oats Chasmanthium latifolium
large white trillium Trillium grandiflorum
mayapple Podophyllum peltatum
purple Joe-pye-weed Eutrochium purpureum
purple trillium Trillium recurvatum
Solomon’s-seal Polygonatum commutatum
Virginia waterleaf Hydrophyllum virginianum
wild geranium Geranium maculatum
wild ginger Asarum canadense
witch hazel Hamamelis virginiana
yellow bellwort Uvularia grandiflora
zigzag goldenrod Solidago flexicaulis