Members of this very large family of moths can be found worldwide. They are defined by the vein structure in the wings.
Moths and butterflies are not shown in equal proportion to actual size. Photographs © photographer listed and may not be used in any other format without the written permission of the photographer.
yellow-collared scape moth (Cisseps fulvicollis) Photo © Michael Jeffords
The wingspan of this moth is between one and one-eighth and one and one-half inches. The collar is a conspicuous shade of orange. The forewing is dark brown or black. The hindwing has a large translucent section.
The yellow-collared scape moth can be found statewide in Illinois. It lives in open fields, wet prairies and on the banks of streams and lakes. Adults feed on nectar. Larvae eat a variety of grasses and sedges. Adults are active from May through October.
giant leopard moth (Hypercompe scribonia) Photo © Mary Kay Rubey
The wingspan of the giant leopard moth is two and one-fourth to three and one-half inches. The wings are white with a mix of hollow, black spots and solid black spots on the forewing.
This species can be found statewide in Illinois in woodland edges and open areas. Adults may be found from April through September and are nocturnal. The adult has a short life span and does not eat. The larvae feed on a variety of plant species including trees and wildflowers. The species overwinters in the larval stage.