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Wild About Birds - Illinois Chickadees, Titmice, Nuthatches, Creepers and Wrens!

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 Family Species Gallery

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes - These are birds with adaptations for holding on to thin twigs or stems. Three of the toes on each foot face forward and one backward to help it grasp and balance on small branches.
Family: Paridae (Chickadees and Titmice) - Titmice and chickadees are small, plump birds. The top of the head and neck are often black. Both sexes are similar in appearance, and the young look like small adults. The bill is tiny.
     Carolina chickadee (Poecile carolinensis)
     black-capped chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)
     tufted titmouse (Baeolophus bicolor)

Family: Sittidae (Nuthatches) - Nuthatches are small birds with stout beaks. They climb headfirst both up and down a tree.
     red-breasted nuthatch (Sitta canadensis)
     white-breasted nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

Family: Certhiidae (Creepers) - Creepers are tiny birds with a curved bill and stiff tail feathers.
     brown creeper (Certhia americana)

Family: Troglodytidae (Wrens) - Wrens are generally small birds, and their tail is often held pointed skyward above the back. The bill is thin and sightly curved downward. Most of them have brown or red-brown feathers. They eat insects and spiders.
     house wren (Troglodytes aedon)
     winter wren (Troglodytes hiemalis)
     sedge wren (Cistothorus platensis)
     marsh wren (Cistothorus palustris)
     Carolina wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus)
     Bewick’s wren (Thryomanes bewickii) [state endangered]