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Burr, B. M. 1997. Illinois Chapter of the American Fisheries Society: Minnows of Illinois continuing education seminar. Monticello, Illinois.
Illinois Department of Natural Resources. 1996. Illinois fisheries resources: trends, problems, solutions. Illinois Department of Natural Resources, Springfield, Illinois. 30 pp.
Illinois Department of Natural Resources. 1989. What fish is this? Illinois Department of Natural Resources, Springfield, Illinois. 44 pp.
Moyle, P. B. and J. J. Cech, Jr. 1982. Fishes: an introduction to ichthyology. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. 593 pp.
Page, L. M. and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston/New York. 432 pp.
Pflieger, W. L. 1975. The fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City, Missouri. 343 pp.