Biodiversity of Illinois, Volume 2: Woodland Habitats

Explore the diversity of Illinois’ woodland habitats with this searchable CD-ROM from the Illinois Department of Natural Resources’ (IDNR) Division of Education. The CD-ROM contains photographs, life history information, Illinois range maps, classification, status, sounds and more features about hundreds of species that live in or travel through the state. Mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fishes, invertebrates, plants, fungi, protists and bacteria are represented. Designed for use with grades five through nine, the CD-ROM can be used in a variety of ways.

The Biodiversity of Illinois series of CD-ROMs is no longer available for distribution. However, copies of the CD-ROMs are included in many of the resources trunks for loan from the IDNR and are available for loan from the Illinois State Library.

 Index to Species (alphabetical order) and Habitats

Species Common Name (Scientific Name)

  • abdominal worm (Setaria spp.)
  • Acadian flycatcher (Empidonax virescens)
  • American beech (Fagus grandifolia)
  • American crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)
  • American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis)
  • American redstart (Setophaga ruticilla)
  • American robin (Turdus migratorius)
  • American snout (Libytheana carinenta)
  • American toad (Bufo americanus )
  • annual fleabane (Erigeron annuus)
  • antlion
  • arrowheaded worm (Toxascaris spp.)
  • ascarid roundworm (Toxocara canis)
  • bacteria
  • baldface hornet
  • Baltimore oriole (Icterus galbula)
  • banded sculpin (Cottus carolinae)
  • basswood (Tilia Americana)
  • beaver (Castor Canadensis)
  • bee balm (Monarda spp.)
  • big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus)
  • Bird’s-foot violet (Viola pedata)
  • bird-voiced treefrog (Hyla avivoca)
  • bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis)
  • black maple (Acer nigrum)
  • black oak (Quercus velutina)
  • black spleenwort (Asplenium resiliens)
  • black vulture (Coragyps atratus)
  • black walnut (Juglans nigra)
  • black-and-white warbler (Mniotilta varia)
  • black-capped chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)
  • blackside darter (Percina maculate)
  • blackspotted topminnow (Fundulus olivaceus)
  • bladder fern (Cystopteris bulbifera)
  • bloodroot (Sanguinaria Canadensis)
  • blue ash (Fraxinus quadrangulata)
  • blue beech (Carpinus caroliniana)
  • blue catfish (Ictalurus furcatus)
  • blue jay (Cyanocitta cristata)
  • blue sucker (Cycleptus elongates)
  • bluebells (Mertensia virginica)
  • blue-eyed Mary (Collinsia verna)
  • blue-gray gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea)
  • blue-spotted salamander (Ambystoma laterale)
  • blue-winged warbler (Vermivora pinus )
  • bluntnose darter (Etheostoma chlorosoma)
  • bluntnose minnow (Pimephales notatus)
  • bobcat (Lynx rufus)
  • Bradley's spleenwort (Asplenium bradleyi)
  • brindled madtom (Noturus miurus)
  • Bristly buttercup (Ranunculus hispidus)
  • broad beech fern (Thelypteris hexagonoptera)
  • broadhead skink (Eumeces laticeps)
  • broad-winged hawk (Buteo platypterus )
  • brown creeper (Certhia Americana)
  • brown snake (Storeria dekayi)
  • American bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)
  • bullhead minnow (Pimephales vigilax)
  • bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa)
  • butternut (Juglans cinerea)
  • carpenter ant
  • cave salamander (Eurycea lucifuga)
  • cecropia moth (Hyalophora cecropia)
  • cedar waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)
  • celandine poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum)
  • centipede
  • central mudminnow (Umbra limi)
  • central stoneroller (Campostoma anomalum)
  • cerulean warbler (Dendroica cerulean)
  • cherrybark oak (Quercus falcata var. pagodaefolia)
  • chinkapin oak (Quercus muehlenbergii)
  • chipping sparrow (Spizella passerine)
  • Christmas fern (Polystichum acrostichoides)
  • Chuck-will's-widow (Caprimulgus carolinensis )
  • cicada
  • cleft phlox (Phlox bifida)
  • club mosses (Lycopodium spp.)
  • columbine (Aquilegia Canadensis)
  • Common adder's tongue  (Ophioglossum vulgatum)
  • common blue violet (Viola papilionacea)
  • common garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis)
  • common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)
  • common kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula)
  • common phlox (Phlox divaricate)
  • common polypody (Polypodium vulgare )
  • common woodsia (Woodsia obtuse)
  • Cooper's hawk (Accipiter cooperii)
  • Cope's gray treefrog (Hyla chrysoscelis)
  • copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix)
  • cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus)
  • coyote (Canis latrans)
  • creek chub (Semotilus atromaculatus)
  • cucumber magnolia (Magnolia acuminate)
  • cypress darter (Etheostoma proeliare)
  • daddy long-legs
  • dark-eyed junco (Junco hyemalis)
  • Devil's walking-stick (Aralia spinose)
  • diamondback water snake (Nerodia rhombifer)
  • Doll’s-eyes (Actaea pachypoda )
  • double-pored tapeworm (Dipylidium caninum)
  • downy woodpecker (Picoides pubescens)
  • dusky darter (Percina sciera)
  • Dutchman's breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)
  • dwarf hackberry (Celtis tenuifolia)
  • dwarf larkspur (Delphinium tricorne)
  • eastern box turtle (Terrapene Carolina)
  • eastern chipmunk (Tamias striatus)
  • eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus )
  • eastern foxsnake (Elaphe vulpine)
  • eastern hognose snake (Heterodon platirhinos)
  • eastern mole (Scalopus aquaticus)
  • eastern mud turtle (Kinosternon subrubrum)
  • eastern narrowmouth toad (Gastrophryne carolinensis)
  • eastern newt (Notophthalmus viridescens)
  • eastern pipistrelle (Pipistrellus subflavus)
  • eastern ribbon snake (Thamnophis sauritus)
  • eastern screech-owl (Megascops asio)
  • eastern towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)
  • eastern wood-pewee (Contopus virens)
  • eastern woodrat (Neotoma floridana )
  • eastern worm snake (Carphophis amoenus)
  • ebony spleenwort (Asplenium platyneuron)
  • emerald shiner (Notropis atherinoides)
  • euglena (Euglena spp. )
  • evening bat (Nycticeius humeralis)
  • eyed click beetle
  • false garlic (Nothoscordum bivalve)
  • false Solomon's seal (Smilacina racemosa )
  • fence lizard (Sceloporus undulates)
  • filmy fern (Trichomanes boschianum)
  • firepink (Silene virginica)
  • five-lined skink (Eumeces fasciatus)
  • flathead catfish (Pylodictis olivaris)
  • flowering dogwood (Cornus florida)
  • Fowler's toad (Anaxyrus fowleri)
  • fox sparrow (Passerella iliaca)
  • fox squirrel (Sciurus niger)
  • fragile fern (Cystopteris fragilis)
  • Franklin's ground squirrel (Spermophilus franklinii)
  • freckled madtom (Noturus nocturnus)
  • fungus
  • ginseng (Panax quinquefolius)
  • golden mouse (Ochrotomys nuttalli)
  • golden ragwort (Senecio aureus)
  • golden shiner (Notemigonus crysoleucas)
  • golden-crowned kinglet (Regulus satrapa)
  • goldenseal (Hydrastis Canadensis)
  • goldfish (Carassius auratus)
  • Graham's crayfish snake (Regina grahamii)
  • gray bat (Myotis grisescens)
  • gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus)
  • gray polypody (Pleopeltis polypodioides)
  • gray ratsnake (Pantherophis spiloides)
  • gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis)
  • gray treefrog (Hyla versicolor)
  • great crested flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus)
  • Great Plains ratsnake (Pantherophis emoryi)
  • great waterleaf (Hydrophyllum appendiculatum)
  • green dragon (Arisaema dracontium)
  • green treefrog (Hyla cinerea)
  • greenbrier (Smilax rotundifolia)
  • ground beetle
  • ground skink (Scincella lateralis)
  • guinea worm (Dracunculus insignis)
  • hackberry butterfly (Asterocampa celtis)
  • hairy lipfern (Cheilanthes lanosa)
  • hairy woodpecker (Picoides villosus)
  • hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus)
  • hookworm (Ancylostoma spp.)
  • hop hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana)
  • house wren (Troglodytes aedon)
  • Indiana bat (Myotis sodalist)
  • Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema atrorubens)
  • Jacob’s-ladder  (Polemonium reptans )
  • Jefferson salamander (Ambystoma jeffersonianum)
  • Kentucky coffee tree (Gymnocladus dioica)
  • Kentucky warbler (Oporornis formosus)
  • Kirtland's snake (Clonophis kirtlandii)
  • lace bug
  • lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina)
  • large-toothed aspen (Populus grandidentata )
  • lichen
  • little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus)
  • liverwort
  • loblolly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • long-eared owl (Asio otus)
  • longnose gar (Lepisosteus osseus)
  • longtail salamander (Eurycea longicauda)
  • long-tailed weasel (Mustela frenata)
  • luna moth (Actias luna)
  • lung fluke (Paragonimus kellicotti)
  • maidenhair fern (Adiantum pedatum)
  • maidenhair spleenwort (Asplenium trichomanes)
  • marbled salamander (Ambystoma opacum)
  • marsh buttercup (Ranunculus septentrionalis)
  • marsh rice rat (Orzomys palustris)
  • masked shrew (Sorex cinereus)
  • mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum)
  • meadow jumping mouse (Zapus hudsonius)
  • milk snake (Lampropeltis Triangulum)
  • millipede
  • mimic shiner (Notropis volucellus)
  • mink (Mustela vison)
  • Mississippi green water snake (Nerodia cyclopion)
  • Mississippi silvery minnow (Hybognathus nuchalis)
  • mockernut hickory (Carya tomentosa)
  • mole salamander (Ambystoma talpoideum)
  • monarch (Danaus plexippus)
  • monkeyface mussel (Quadrula metanevra)
  • morel (Morchella spp.)
  • mosquito
  • moss
  • mottled sculpin (Cottus bairdi)
  • mountain mint (Pycnanthemum spp.)
  • mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa)
  • mourning dove (Zenaida macroura)
  • mud darter (Etheostoma asprigene )
  • mud snake (Farancia abacura)
  • netted chain fern (Woodwardia areolate)
  • nightcrawler (Lumbricus terrestris)
  • northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)
  • northern flicker  (Colaptes auratus)
  • northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)
  • northern harrier (Circus cyaneus)
  • northern hog sucker (Hypentelium nigricans)
  • northern leopard frog (Lithobates pipiens )
  • northern long-eared bat (Myotis septentrionalis)
  • northern saw-whet owl (Aegolius acadicus)
  • northern short-tailed shrew (Blarina brevicauda)
  • northern slimy salamander (Plethodon glutinosus)
  • northern starhead topminnow (Fundulus dispar)
  • Nuttall's oak (Quercus nuttallii)
  • Ohio buckeye (Aesculus glabra)
  • Ozark minnow (Notropis nubilus)
  • pale corydalis (Corydalis flavula)
  • pale jumping spider (Thiodina sylvana)
  • pawpaw (Asimina triloba)
  • pecan (Carya illinoensis)
  • pickerel frog (Rana palustris)
  • pignut hickory (Carya glabra)
  • pillbug
  • pinnatifid spleenwort (Asplenium pinnatifidum)
  • pinworm (Cruzia spp.)
  • pipe-vine swallowtail (Battus philenor )
  • pirate perch (Aphredoderus sayanus)
  • plainbelly water snake (Nerodia erythrogaster)
  • plains garter snake (Thamnophis radix)
  • planthopper
  • pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana)
  • polyphemus moth (Antheraea Polyphemus)
  • post oak (Quercus stellate)
  • prairie kingsnake (Lampropeltis calligaster)
  • protozoan
  • pugnose minnow (Opsopoeodus emiliae)
  • purple finch (Carpodacus purpureus)
  • Purple oxalis (Oxalis violacea)
  • purple trillium (Trillium recurvatum)
  • pussytoes (Antennaria plantaginifolia)
  • pygmy shrew (Sorex hoyi)
  • quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)
  • queen snake (Regina septemvittata)
  • question mark butterfly (Polygonia interrogationis )
  • quillback (Carpiodes cyprinus)
  • raccoon (Procyon lotor)
  • raccoon roundworm (Baylisascaris procyonis)
  • racer (Coluber constrictor)
  • Rafinesque's big-eared bat (Plecotus rafinesquii)
  • rattlesnake fern (Botrychium virginianum)
  • red and black jumping spider (Phidippus clarus)
  • red ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)
  • red bat (Lasiurus borealis)
  • red fox (Vulpes vulpes)
  • red haw (Crataegus mollis)
  • red oak (Quercus rubra)
  • red pine (Pinus resinosa)
  • red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus )
  • redback salamander (Plethodon cinereus)
  • red-bellied woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)
  • redbelly snake (Storeria occipitomaculata)
  • redbud (Cercis Canadensis)
  • redear sunfish (Lepomis microlophus)
  • red-eyed vireo (Vireo olivaceus)
  • red-headed woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus)
  • red-shouldered hawk (Buteo lineatus)
  • red-spotted purple (Limenitis arthemis)
  • red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)
  • ringneck snake (Diadophis punctatus)
  • river birch (Betula nigra)
  • river carpsucker (Carpiodes carpio)
  • river cooter (Pseudemys concinna)
  • river darter (Percina shumardi)
  • river otter (Lutra Canadensis)
  • river shiner (Notropis blennius)
  • robber fly
  • rose-breasted grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)
  • rough green snake (Opheodrys aestivus)
  • royal fern (Osmunda regalis)
  • ruby-throated hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)
  • rue anemone (Anemonella thalictroides)
  • sand shiner (Notropis stramineus)
  • scarlet tanager (Piranga olivacea)
  • scorpionfly
  • Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris)
  • sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)
  • shagbark hickory (Carya ovata)
  • sharp-shinned hawk (Accipiter striatus)
  • shooting star (Dodecatheon meadia)
  • shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata)
  • Shumard's oak (Quercus shumardii)
  • silver lamprey (Ichthyomyzon unicuspis)
  • silver-haired bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans)
  • silverjaw minnow (Ericymba buccata)
  • silvery salamander (Ambystoma platineum)
  • six-lined racerunner (Cnemidophorus sexlineatus)
  • slender glass lizard (Ophisaurus attenuates)
  • slenderhead darter (Percina phoxocephala)
  • slippery elm (Ulmus rubra)
  • Small Solomon's-seal (Polygonatum biflorum)
  • smallmouth buffalo (Ictiobus bubalus)
  • smallmouth salamander (Ambystoma texanum)
  • smooth earth snake (Virginia valeriae)
  • smooth yellow violet (Viola pensylvanica)
  • snowy tree cricket (Oecanthus fultoni)
  • sourgum (Nyssa sylvatica)
  • southeastern myotis (Myotis austroriparius)
  • southeastern shrew (Sorex longirostris)
  • southern black widow (Latrodectus mactans)
  • southern flying squirrel (Glaucomys Volans)
  • southern leopard frog (Rana sphenocephala)
  • southern short-tailed shrew (Blarina carolinensis)
  • southern two-lined salamander (Eurycea cirrigera)
  • southern water snake (Nerodia fasciata)
  • southern worm (Aporrectodea trapezoids)
  • speckled chub (Macrhybopsis hyostoma)
  • spicebush swallowtail (Papilio troilus)
  • spottail darter (Etheostoma squamiceps)
  • spotted bass (Micropterus punctulatus)
  • Spotted dusky salamander (Desmognathus conanti)
  • spotted gar (Lepisosteus oculatus)
  • spotted salamander (Ambystoma maculatum)
  • spring beauty (Claytonia virginica)
  • spring cress (Cardamine bulbosa)
  • spring peeper (Pseudacris crucifer)
  • squirrel corn (Dicentra Canadensis)
  • stag beetle
  • stomach worm (Physaloptera spp.)
  • stonecat (Noturus flavus )
  • striped shiner (Luxilus chrysocephalus)
  • striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis)
  • suckermouth minnow (Phenacobius mirabilis)
  • sugar maple (Acer saccharum)
  • sugarberry (Celtis laevigata)
  • summer tanager (Piranga rubra)
  • swamp chestnut oak (Quercus michauxii)
  • swamp rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus)
  • swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor)
  • sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytoni)
  • tadpole madtom (Noturus gyrinus)
  • tapeworm (Cittotaenia spp.)
  • termite
  • tiger beetle  
  • tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum)
  • tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)
  • timber rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus)
  • trout-perch (Percopsis omiscomaycus)
  • true katydid
  • tufted titmouse (Baeolophus bicolor)
  • tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)
  • turkeytail  (Coriolus versicolor )
  • upland chorus frog (Pseudacris feriarum)
  • Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
  • Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana)
  • Virginia spiderwort (Tradescantia virginiana)
  • walking fern (Camptosorus rhizophyllus)
  • walkingstick
  • western mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis )
  • western ribbon snake (Thamnophis proximus )
  • whip-poor-will (Caprimulgus vociferous)
  • whipworm (Trichuris vulpis)
  • white ash (Fraxinus Americana)
  • white oak (Quercus alba)
  • white pine (Pinus strobus)
  • white sucker (Catostomus commersoni)
  • white trout lily (Erythronium albidum)
  • white-breasted nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)
  • white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus)
  • white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
  • white-throated sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis)
  • wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)
  • wild ginger (Asarum canadense)
  • wild hydrangea (Hydrangea arborescens)
  • wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)
  • willow oak (Quercus phellos)
  • winged elm (Ulmus alata)
  • winter wren (Troglodytes troglodytes)
  • wolf spider (Lycosa sp.)
  • wood duck (Aix sponsa)
  • wood frog (Rana sylvatica)
  • wood louse
  • wood satyr (Megisto cymela)
  • wood thrush (Hylocichla mustelina)
  • woodchuck (Marmota monax)
  • woodland vole (Microtus pinetorum)
  • woodland white worm (Octolasion tyrtaeum)
  • woolly blue violet (Viola sororia)
  • worm-eating warbler (Helmitheros vermivorum)
  • yellow bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)
  • yellow bullhead (Ameiurus natalis)
  • yellow star grass (Hypoxis hirsute)
  • yellow-billed cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus )
  • yellow-rumped warbler (Dendroica coronate)
  • yellow-throated vireo (Vireo flavifrons )
  • zebra butterfly (Heliconius charitonius)
  • zebra swallowtail (Eurytides Marcellus)
  • zigzag salamander (Plethodon dorsalis)

Habitats

  • bottomland forest
  • coniferous forest
  • southern Illinois lowlands
  • upland deciduous forest