Lewis Martin
National Archives
Details about Lewis Martin
Date Period: 1840 - 1892
Year Born:
Year Died:
Brief Description: Private, Company E, 29th United States Colored Troops
Associated Illinois Cities: Springfield
Lewis Martin

​Born a slave in Arkansas, Martin came to Springfield, where he joined a segregated black regiment in the Union Army during the Civil War. After being severely wounded at the Battle of the Crater near Petersburg, Virginia, he returned to Springfield where he lived for the rest of his life. A photograph showing him after the amputation of his right arm and left leg is a stark reminder that freedom is not free.