Does My Business Need Generator Identification Numbers and Manifests?
Information presented in this publication is intended to provide a general understanding of the statutory and regulatory requirements governing generator identification numbers and manifests. This information is not intended to replace, limit or expand upon the complete statutory and regulatory requirements found in the Illinois Environmental Protection Act and Title 35 of the Illinois Administrative Code of Regulations.
Because you generate waste, it is your responsibility to determine how to properly manage and dispose of your waste. This fact sheet discusses special waste, who must obtain a generator identification number, and who must use uniform hazardous waste manifests, which are required for both nonhazardous and hazardous special waste. If you need additional information, see the contact information at the end of this fact sheet. Depending on the types and amounts of waste that you generate, you may need a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) and/or Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (Illinois EPA) generator identification number. The first step in determining whether you need an identification number is to identify the types and amounts of waste you generate.
Do I Generate Special Waste?
Special waste includes hazardous waste, potentially infectious medical waste, industrial process waste and pollution control waste. To determine the type of waste you generate, call the Office of Small Business for further information and to receive a copy of the fact sheet“ Do I Have a Special Waste?” These wastes must be managed at a permitted facility regardless of the amount you generate. Only decertified special waste may be placed with regular trash.
Why is the Amount of Hazardous Waste Generated Important to Know?
Hazardous waste regulations are associated with three categories of hazardous waste generators. The categories are based on the amount of hazardous waste generated per month. In order to determine the specific requirements that must be met, you must first determine category of generator which your business is based on the amount of waste generated. The three categories of hazardous waste generators are listed below.
- Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generators (CESQG) generate or accumulate less than 100 kilograms (kg) or 220 pounds (lbs) per month of hazardous waste or less than 1 kg (2.2 lbs) per month of acutely hazardous waste.
- Small-Quantity Generators (SQG) generate or accumulate 100 kg (220 lbs) to 1,000 kg (2,200 lbs) per month of hazardous waste or less than 1 kg (or about 1 quart) of acutely hazardous waste per month.
- Large-Quantity Generators (LQG) generate or accumulate over 1,000 kg (2,200 lbs or about 250 gallons) per month of hazardous waste or over 1 kg (2.2 lbs) per month of acutely hazardous waste.
To determine your hazardous waste generator category, add up the weight or volume of all the hazardous wastes you generate per month. For more information on hazardous waste requirements, call the Office of Small Business to receive a copy of the fact sheet“ How Do I Manage My Hazardous Waste?” The quantity cannot be averaged, it must be determined each month.
GENERATOR IDENTIFICATION NUMBER
Do I Need a U.S. EPA Identification Number?
If you are an SQG or LQG of hazardous waste, you must obtain and use a U.S. EPA identification number. The U.S. EPA uses a 12-character number that starts with the postal code of the state in which the generator is located to monitor and track hazardous waste activities. You will need to use your identification number when you send hazardous waste off site for management and disposal.
Do I Need an Illinois EPA Identification Number?
If you generate over 100 kg (220 lbs) of any kind of special waste, you must obtain and use an Illinois EPA identification number. The state of Illinois uses this 10-digit number to monitor and track special waste activities. You will need to use your identification number when you send special waste off site for management and disposal.
Do I Need Identification Numbers for all of My Properties?
If you have waste-generating operations on contiguous properties, you are not required to obtain a U.S. EPA or an Illinois EPA identification number for each property. If your properties are not contiguous, you will be required to obtain a U.S. EPA and Illinois EPA identification number for each property. For further information, contact the Office of Small Business.
How Do I Get Identification Numbers?
TIP: CESQGs are not required to have U.S. EPA or Illinois EPA generator identification numbers. However, CESQGs should ask both the facility accepting their waste and the waste hauler if they require manifests. If either do require manifests, you need to apply for an Illinois EPA generator identification number.
To obtain the U.S. EPA identification number application, contact the Office of Small Business and ask for a copy of EPA Form 8700-12, “Notification of Hazardous Waste Activity.” You will be sent a booklet that contains a form with instructions. To complete these forms, you need to know the hazardous waste code for your hazardous waste. Waste codes are included in the instruction booklet. The U.S. EPA identification number application can also be found on U.S. EPA’s webpage at
To obtain the Illinois EPA identification number application, contact the Office of Small Business and ask for a copy of the “Illinois EPA Inventory Identification Number Application.” You will be sent a form with instructions. To complete this form, you need to know the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code for your business type. A list of NAICS codes will be included with the instructions. The Illinois identification number application as well as EPA 8700-12 can also be found on Illinois EPA’s webpage on the
Generator Forms page.
Send both the U.S. EPA and Illinois EPA completed applications to the following address:Illinois EPA
Division of Records Management #16
1021 North Grand Avenue East
P.O. Box 19276
Springfield, Illinois 62794-9276
Both the U.S. EPA and Illinois EPA identification numbers stay with the property when ownership changes. If you move your business, you must notify Illinois EPA of your new location and submit new forms.
Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifests
Depending on the types and amounts of waste you generate, you may need to use uniform hazardous waste manifests to ship your special waste (hazardous as well as nonhazardous) from your facility.
What Is a Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest?
The Illinois Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest is a multicopy shipping document that tracks hazardous waste from its point of generation to the treatment, storage, and disposal facility (TSDF). The manifest is required by the U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. EPA and Illinois EPA. It allows the waste generator to confirm that the waste has been properly delivered and that no waste has been lost or unaccounted for.
Who Uses Manifests?
All SQGs and LQGs of special waste, including hazardous, nonharzardous, pollution control and industrial process, must use a Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest when shipping waste to any off-site location.
How Do I Get A Manifest?
To obtain Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifests, which are required for all Special Waste (hazardous and non-hazardous) generated in Illinois or destined for Illinois, you may order from any USEPA approved printer, or to order from Illinois EPA, follow the instructions below. The cost is $3.00 per manifest for Hazardous Waste Manifest and $4.00 per manifest for PIMW Manifest.
Regular Order Purchase - If you'd like to place an order and pay by check but need a request form,
visit our web site or call (217) 524-3300 and choose the number six (6) for All Other Calls.
How Do I Complete The Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest?
The manifest contains information on the type and quantity of waste being transported, instructions for handling the waste, and signature lines for all parties involved in the waste disposal process. The Illinois Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest contains an original, plus five NCR copies. A description of who keeps each part is printed at the bottom of each page. The manifest completion process is summarized below:
- The Generator signs the manifest certification by hand and obtains the signature of the transporter and date of waste acceptance on the manifest. The transporter signs the manifest acknowledging the type and amount of waste is correctly listed on the manifest.
- The generator retains the designated copy, giving the transporter the remaining copies. The TSDF sends the designated copy back to the generator, confirming that the waste has been received. The generator reviews the information and ensures that no waste is unaccounted for. The generator is responsible for ensuring that the transporter and TSD manage the waste properly. Keep the copy signed by the TSD on file for at least 3 years.
What Do I Do If The TSDF Does Not Send The Manifest Back?
If a generator does not receive a copy of the manifest signed by the TSDF within 30 days of the date that the waste was accepted by the initial transporter, the generator should contact both the transporter and the TSDF to obtain a replacement photocopy. If this does not resolve the problem, the generator must file an exception letter with Illinois EPA within 60 days. The exception letter should be addressed to the Illinois EPA Bureau of Land - Solid Waste Management Section and state that your facility did not receive a signed copy of the manifest (Part 1) from the TSDF and include steps you have taken to attempt to resolve the problem.
Depending on the type, amounts and destination of the waste you generate, you may be required to submit an annual waste report.
Do I Need to Submit an Annual Hazardous Waste Report?
If you are a hazardous waste large quantity generator or are a hazardous waste TSDF, you are required to file an “Annual Hazardous Waste Report” by March 1 of each year. Forms within the “Annual Hazardous Waste Report” that your business must complete are based on your generator size and on-site waste management status. Forms and instructions for completion are provided in the report or on Illinois EPA’s website on the
Land Forms page.
Do I Need to Submit a Nonhazardous Special Waste Annual Report?
The Illinois Pollution Control Board has changed the 35 Ill. Adm. Code 809 rules. This means that nonhazardous special waste generators will no longer have to submit a Nonhazardous Special Waste Annual Report for nonhazardous special wastes that are shipped out of state. Effective July 16, 2015, generators are no longer required to submit any manifest copies to Illinois EPA.
If you are a nonhazardous special waste TSDF and receive waste from off site, you are required to file a "
Nonhazardous Special Waste Annual Report" by February 1 of each year.
For more information on submission of annual waste reports, contact the Office of Small Business.
Where Do I Go For More Information?
For questions about waste determinations and whether manifests are needed, contact Permit Section at 217-524-3300.
If you are an automotive repair and/or auto body shop that has been told by the Secretary of State you need ID numbers, if you generate under 220 pounds or 26 gallons of Hazardous Waste monthly you can use the Certificate of Exemption at
To obtain ID numbers, use the links above for the forms or call Records Unit at 217-782-3559.
To obtain or renew Special Waste Hauler permits, or for questions about your permit, call 217-524-9642.
The new Generator Improvement Rule is not yet in effect in Illinois, please see the Pollution Control Web Site for current status.
All the fact sheets mentioned in this document are available through the Illinois EPA website.