The term “sales tax” actually refers to several tax acts. Sales tax is a combination of “occupation” taxes that are imposed on sellers’ receipts and “use” taxes that are imposed on amounts paid by purchasers. Sellers owe the occupation tax to the department; they reimburse themselves for this liability by collecting use tax from the buyers. “Sales tax” is the combination of all state, local, mass transit, home rule occupation and use, non-home rule occupation and use, park district, county public safety and facilities, county school facility tax, and business district taxes.
“Sales tax” is imposed on a seller’s receipts from sales of tangible personal property for use or consumption. Tangible personal property does not include real estate, stocks, bonds, or other “paper” assets representing an interest.
If the seller (typically an out-of-state business, such as a catalog company or a retailer making sales on the internet) does not charge Illinois Sales Tax, the purchaser must pay the tax directly to the Department. For purposes of this document, Illinois Sales Tax has three rate structures — one for qualifying food, drugs, and medical appliances; one for items required to be titled or registered; and another for all other general merchandise.
“Qualifying food, drugs, and medical appliances” include
- food that has not been prepared for immediate consumption, such as most food sold at grocery stores, excluding hot foods, alcoholic beverages, candy, and soft drinks;
- prescription medicines and nonprescription items claimed to have medicinal value, such as aspirin, cough medicine, and medicated hand lotion, excluding grooming and hygiene products; and
- prescription and nonprescription medical appliances that directly replace a malfunctioning part of the human body, such as corrective eyewear, contact lenses, prostheses, insulin syringes, and dentures.
“Items required to be titled or registered” include motor vehicles, ATVs, watercraft, aircraft, trailers, and mobile homes. See the
STS‑76, Illinois Aircraft/Watercraft and Vehicle Tax Information Guide, for complete definitions and tax applications.
“General merchandise” includes sales of most tangible personal property including sales of
- soft drinks and candy;
- prepared food such as food purchased at a restaurant;
- photo processing (getting pictures developed);
- prewritten and “canned” computer software;
- prepaid telephone calling cards and other prepaid telephone calling arrangements;
- repair parts and other items transferred or sold in conjunction with providing a service under certain circumstances based on the actual selling price; and
- grooming and hygiene products.
Regulation 130.310 for a full listing.
Tax Rate Database to look up location specific tax rates. Depending upon the location of the sale, the actual sales tax rate may be higher than the fundamental rate because of home rule, non-home rule, mass transit, park district, county public safety, public facilities or transportation, and county school facility tax.
Prepaid sales tax
Motor fuel distributors must collect “prepaid sales tax” on the motor fuel sold for resale to a retailer who is not an Illinois licensed motor fuel distributor or supplier of diesel and dieselhol. The retailer prepays the sales tax to the motor fuel distributor and then claims a credit for the prepaid tax when the sales tax return is filed.
Click here for Prepaid Sales Tax Rates.
Units of local government may impose taxes or fees, which the department does not collect. Contact your units of local government (county, municipal, mass transit, etc.) to determine if you must pay any additional taxes or fees not listed below. The following local taxes, which the department collects, may be imposed. Except as noted below, the preprinted rate on the return will include any locally imposed taxes.
- Business District Tax
- Chicago Home Rule Municipal Soft Drink Retailers’ Occupation Tax
- Chicago Home Rule Use Tax on titled and registered items
- County Motor Fuel Tax
- Home Rule County Taxes
- Home Rule or Non-home Rule Municipal Taxes
- Mass Transit District Taxes (Metro-East Mass Transit (MED) Taxes and Regional Transportation Authority (RTA) Taxes)
- Metro-East Park and Recreation District Taxes
- Metropolitan Pier and Exposition Authority (MPEA) Food and Beverage Tax
- Special County Retailers’ Occupation Tax for Public Safety, Public Facilities, Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Transportation
- County School Facility Tax
Sales — The following list contains some of the most common examples of transactions that are exempt from tax. (See the Illinois Administrative Code, Section 130.120 and Publication 104, Common Sales Tax Exemptions, for a comprehensive list.)
- Sales to state, local, and federal governments
- Sales to not-for-profit organizations that are exclusively charitable, religious, or educational
- Sales of newspapers and magazines
- Sales to out-of-state buyers (Nonresidents may not claim the out-of-state buyer exemption if the motor vehicle or trailer will be titled in a state that does not give Illinois residents an out of state buyer exemption on purchases in that state of motor vehicles or trailers that will be titled in Illinois.)
- Sales of tangible personal property to interstate carriers for hire used as rolling stock (e.g., semi‑tractor trailers, railroad cars)
- Sales of machinery and equipment that will be used primarily in
- manufacturing or assembling of tangible personal property for wholesale or retail sale or lease, and
- production agriculture
- Qualified sales of building materials that will be incorporated into real estate as part of a project for which a Certificate of Eligibility for Sales Tax Exemption has been issued by the enterprise zone administrator
- Qualifying purchases of tangible personal property used in a manufacturing or assembling process by businesses located in an enterprise zone and certified by the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity as qualifying to make these purchases because jobs will be created or retained
- Sales of legal tender, medallions, and gold bullion issued by qualifying governments
- Fuel used for international flights
Organizations — Qualified organizations, as determined by the Department, are exempt from paying sales and use taxes on most purchases in Illinois. Upon approval, we issue each organization a sales tax exemption number. The organization must give this number to a merchant in order to make certain purchases tax‑free.
Filing and payment requirements
Titled or registered items — Registered Illinois dealers who sell vehicles, watercraft, aircraft, trailers, and mobile homes must file Form ST‑556, Sales Tax Transaction Return. Registered Illinois dealers who lease these items must file Form ST 556-LSE, Transaction Return for Leases. Forms ST-556 and ST-556-LSE must be filed and taxes paid within 20 days of the delivery date. Persons who are in the business of leasing or renting motor vehicles, watercraft, aircraft, or trailers that are required to be registered with an agency of Illinois state government and who, in connection with such business, sell any such item to a retailer for the purpose of resale can bulk file these transactions using Form ST-556-D.
Forms ST-556 and ST-556-LSE can be filed electronically using
MyTax Illinois. Alternatively, registered dealers can obtain ST-556 and ST-556-LSE forms preprinted for their business locations by calling our Central Registration Division at
217 785-3707. Form
ST-556-D must be filed electronically using MyTax Illinois.
Individuals or businesses that purchase items that must be titled or registered in Illinois from an out-of-state retailer (i.e., dealer, lending institution, or leasing company selling at retail) must file Form RUT-25, Vehicle Use Tax Transaction Return. If the item brought into Illinois is being leased by an Illinois resident, Form RUT-25-LSE, Use Tax Return for Lease Transactions, must be used to report the transaction. Forms RUT-25 and RUT-25-LSE must be filed and taxes paid on the date the Illinois title and registration is applied for, but not more than 30 days after the date the item is brought into Illinois.
Individuals or businesses that purchase (or acquire by gift or transfer) motor vehicles that must be titled or registered from another individual or private party must file Form RUT‑50, Private Party Vehicle Use Tax Transaction Return, within 30 days from the date the vehicle is purchased or acquired. Individuals or businesses that acquire (by gift, donation, transfer, or non-retail purchase) aircraft or watercraft that must be registered must file Form RUT-75, Aircraft/Watercraft Use Tax Return, no later than 30 days from the date the item was acquired or the date the item was brought into Illinois, whichever is later.
Forms RUT-25, RUT-25-LSE, RUT-50, and RUT-75 are generally obtained when you license and title your vehicle at the applicable state facility or at a currency exchange. These forms are available at the offices of the Illinois Secretary of State, the Illinois Department of Transportation or the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. If you need to obtain the forms prior to registering the vehicle,
send us an email request or call our 24-hour Forms Order Line at
1 800 356-6302. Include in your request your name and mailing address and the type of form you are requesting. Note that we cannot email or fax you the requested form. Instead, we will complete your request via the U.S. Postal Service. Do not make copies of the forms prior to completing. These forms have unique transaction numbers that should not be duplicated. Doing so could delay processing.
Prepaid sales tax on motor fuel — Motor fuel distributors file Form
PST-1, Prepaid Sales Tax Return, monthly on the 20th day of the month following the month for which the return is filed.
NOTE: Retailers claim a credit for the amount of prepaid sales tax on Form ST-1, Sales and Use Tax and E911 Surcharge Return, Line 17.
Qualifying food, drugs, and medical appliances and other general merchandise —
- A monthly return is due the 20th day of the month following the month for which the return is filed.
- A quarterly return is due the 20th day of the month following the quarter for which the return is filed.
- An annual return is due January 20th of the year following the year for which the return is filed.
Illinois residents who make purchases of tangible personal from non-registered out-of-state retailers (such as catalog or internet transactions) or those who make purchases of tangible personal property from service persons who do not pay use tax directly to us must file Form
ST-44, Illinois Use Tax Return. You may complete Form ST-44 electronically on our web site.
- If $600 or less is owed, the return and tax is due April 15th of the year following the year in which the purchase was made.
- If the total tax liability for the year is more than $600, the return and tax is due the last day of the
month following the month in which the purchase was made.
Tangible personal property sold at retail over the
internet is taxed in the same manner as any other retail sale. Generally, if the item of tangible personal property is purchased from an
Illinois retailer, the retailer is responsible for collecting and remitting Illinois sales tax.
out-of-state retailer who does not collect Illinois sales tax, the purchaser owes use tax and is responsible for paying use tax directly to the department using Form ST‑44.
Quarter-monthly payments — If a retailer or service-person’s average monthly liability is $20,000 or more, quarter-monthly payments must be made. Payments are due the 7th, 15th, 22nd, and last day of the month. Because the statutory threshold for mandated electronic funds transfer (EFT) program participation is $20,000 annual liability, most taxpayers will remit their quarter-monthly payments by EFT. Taxpayers who mail their quarter-monthly remittances to the department must complete Form RR-3, Sales and Use Tax Quarter-monthly Payment.
NOTE: Electronic funds transfer program participants do not complete or mail Form RR-3.
If a motor fuel distributor’s average monthly liability is $20,000 or more, quarter-monthly payments must be made. Payments are due the 7th, 15th, 22nd, and last day of the month. Because the statutory threshold for mandated electronic funds transfer (EFT) program participation is $200,000 annual liability, most taxpayers will remit their quarter-monthly payments by EFT. Taxpayers who mail their quarter-monthly remittances to the department must complete Form PST-3, Prepaid Sales Tax on Motor Fuel.
NOTE: Electronic funds transfer program participants do not complete or mail Form PST-3.
For additional information regarding quarter-monthly (accelerated) payments, refer to the Guidelines for Quarter-monthly (Accelerated) Payments.
Additional Forms & Resources
Form ST-1, Sales and Use Tax and E911 Surcharge Return |
Form ST-1-X, Amended Sales and Use Tax and E911 Surcharge Return |
Form ST-2, Multiple Site Form |
Form ST-2-X, Amended Multiple Site Form
Pub 104, Common Sales Tax Exemptions
- For information regarding Trade-In Credits, see FS-14, Trade-In Credit Limit Frequently Asked Questions.
- For information regarding marketplace facilitators, marketplace sellers and remote sellers, see the Resource Page for Marketplace Facilitators, Marketplace Sellers and Remote Sellers