Suspension & Expulsion Resources

Public Act 100-0105

Research suggests that school expulsion and suspension practices are associated with negative educational, health, and developmental outcomes for children… Read the full legislation. 


Featured Resource

Best Practice Resources for Suspension and Expulsion in Early Childhood Education


For Parents & Families 

Administration for Children & Families                                                                                                 

Resources Related to Reducing Suspension and Expulsion Practices in Early Childhood Settings

GOECD, the Ounce of Prevention Fund & Illinois Action for Children                                                     

Early Childhood Expulsion Legislation: From Passage and Implementation to Best Practice 

P.A.100-0105: Preventing Expulsion of Children Birth to Five – Frequently Asked Questions

National Black Child Development Institute                                                                                                         

Parent Power Bootcamp Call to Action Toolkit 



For Providers & Programs

Administration for Children & Families                                                                                                       

Compendium of Parenting Interventions

Resources Related to Reducing Suspension and Expulsion Practices in Early Childhood Settings

Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center                                                                                                   

Reducing Early Childhood Expulsion and Suspension

GOECD, the Ounce of Prevention Fund & Illinois Action for Children                                                                     

Early Childhood Expulsion Legislation: From Passage and Implementation to Best Practice        

P.A.100-0105: Preventing Expulsion of Children Birth to Five – Frequently Asked Questions

Best Practice Resources for Suspension and Expulsion in Early Childhood Education

National Black Child Development Institute   

Delivering on the Promise of Effective Early Childhood Education for Black Children: Eliminating Exclusionary Discipline and Concentrating on Inclusion

National Center on Early Childhood Development, Teaching, and Learning                                                   

Preventing and Reducing Suspensions and Expulsions in Early Care and Education Settings 

Office of Head Start                                                                                                                                          

Supporting the School Readiness and Success of Young African American Boys Project: Reflections on a Culturally-Responsive, Strengths-Based Approach

Pyramid Model Consortium                                                                                                                                

Expelling Expulsion: Using the Pyramid Model to Prevent Suspensions, Expulsions, and Disciplinary Inequities in Early Childhood Programs

Race Forward                                                                                                                                                           

Racial Equity Impact Assessment Toolkit

SRI International                                                                                                                                             

Preventing Suspensions and Expulsions in Early Childhood Settings: A Program Leader's Guide

The Ounce of Prevention Fund & Illinois Action for Children                                                                             

Webinar: Preventing Early Childhood Expulsion in Illinois

Transforming School Discipline Collaborative                                                                                                    

Working to Ensure that Illinois' Schools are Safe and Supportive for All Students 

Zero to Three                                                                                                                                                   

Preventing Expulsion from Preschool and Child Care



For Trainers, Coaches & Teachers  

Administration for Children & Families                                                                                                       

Compendium of Parenting Interventions                                                                                              

Resources Related to Reducing Suspension and Expulsion Practices in Early Childhood Settings

American Civil Liberties Union 

End Zero Tolerance: Combating the School-to-Prison Pipeline

American Federation of Teachers 

Understanding Implicit Bias: What Teachers Should Know

Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center                                                                                                   

Reducing Early Childhood Expulsion and Suspension

GOECD, the Ounce of Prevention Fund & Illinois Action for Children                                                                     

Early Childhood Expulsion Legislation: From Passage and Implementation to Best Practice

P.A.100-0105: Preventing Expulsion of Children Birth to Five – Frequently Asked Questions

National Association for the Education of Young Children 

Preventing and Reducing Suspensions and Expulsions in Early Care and Education Settings 

National Black Child Development Institute   

Delivering on the Promise of Effective Early Childhood Education for Black Children: Eliminating Exclusionary Discipline and Concentrating on Inclusion

National Center on Early Childhood Development, Teaching, and Learning                                                   

Preventing and Reducing Suspensions and Expulsions in Early Care and Education Settings 

Race Forward                                                                                                                                                           

Racial Equity Impact Assessment Toolkit

The Center for American Progress

Point of Entry: The Preschool to Prison Pipeline

The Kirwan Institute 

Strategies for Addressing Implicit Bias in Early Childhood Education

Transforming School Discipline Collaborative                                                                                                    

Working to Ensure that Illinois' Schools are Safe and Supportive for All Students 

U.S. Department of Education 

Guiding Principles: A Resource Guide for Improving School Climate and Discipline

Walter Gilliam 

Do Early Educators' Implicit Biases Regarding Sex and Race Relate to Behavior Expectations and Recommendations of Preschool Expulsions and Suspensions? (2016)

Zero to Three                                                                                                                                                   

Preventing Expulsion from Preschool and Child Care



For States

Administration for Children & Families                                                                                                 

Resources Related to Reducing Suspension and Expulsion Practices in Early Childhood Settings

BUILD Initiative 

Components to Consider for a State Strategy to Reduce Expulsion

Key to the Chart: Components to Consider for a State Strategy to Reduce Expulsion

Tips for a Data Component in a State Expulsion Prevention Strategy

Center on Enhancing Early Learning Outcomes 

Early Childhood Suspension and Expulsion Bibliography

Division for Early Childhood of the Council for Exceptional Children 

Early Childhood Expulsion Legislation: From Passage and Implementation to Best Practice 

GOECD, the Ounce of Prevention Fund & Illinois Action for Children                                                                     

Early Childhood Expulsion Legislation: From Passage and Implementation to Best Practice

National Association for the Education of Young Children 

Preventing and Reducing Suspensions and Expulsions in Early Care and Education Settings 

National Black Child Development Institute   

Delivering on the Promise of Effective Early Childhood Education for Black Children: Eliminating Exclusionary Discipline and Concentrating on Inclusion

National Center on Early Childhood Development, Teaching, and Learning                                                   

Preventing and Reducing Suspensions and Expulsions in Early Care and Education Settings 

National Head Start Association 

Standing Together Against Suspension & Expulsion in Early Childhood

Office of Child Care (Technical Assistance Network) 

Six Strategies for Expulsion Prevention in Early Learning At-A-Glance

Race Forward                                                                                                                                                           

Racial Equity Impact Assessment Toolkit

The Center for American Progress

Point of Entry: The Preschool to Prison Pipeline

Walter Gilliam

Implementing Policies to Reduce the Likelihood of Preschool Expulsion (2008)

Zero to Three                                                                                                                                                   

Preventing Expulsion from Preschool and Child Care