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Self Sufficient Performance

​​​Population-Based Outcome Goals (PBOGs)

The Population-Based Outcome Goals (PBOGs) are high-level views of Illinois' population of children and youth. It is expected that projects that move the Key Performance Indicators, which are more narrowly focused, will also affect the PBOGs. Below are the goals for a population of children and youth that is self-sufficient by 25.

 

System of Record: American Community Survey, 1 year*

Update Schedule: Annual

Definitions: The median income metric is a representation of the central tendency of earnings for individuals at age 25. This measurement captures wage and salary data, but does not include business or investment income. Median earnings tracks all earned income, including wage, salary, farm, and business, but not passive income like investments. Neither includes cash welfare or SSDI. Data is given in 2015 dollars.

Trends: The data displays a dip and recovery during and after the financial crisis of the late 2000s. Generally, Illinois' median earnings are fairly close to the national median. Earnings levels are slightly higher than income levels, indicating that a small group of individuals are earning income above the wage median, likely through business ownership or freelance contracting work.

​Youth at Age 25 are Able to Re-Enter the Workforce or Education within 90 Days of an Economic Shock

System of Record: Current Population Survey**

Update Schedule: Quarterly

Definitions: This KPI is measured by a proxy in the CPS survey, unemployment duration in weeks. Respondents to the survey, which is conducted monthly, are asked if they are unemployed, and if so, for how long. 90 days happens between 12 and 13 weeks, so any individual unemployed for 13 weeks or more is counted as unable to re-enter. The data is unable to distinguish between those who are no longer unemployed because they found work, entered education, or dropped out of the labor force. However, it is a good measurement of how long those who want a job have to search for a job.

Trends: The percentage of individuals who were below the 90 day threshold dipped significantly after the recession, from the high 50s down to 35%. Recovery has been steady, with current measurements around 52%. Illinois residents generally have longer spells of unemployment than the national average.

In Illinois, new job entrants on average have the longest times spent unemployed, while those who experience layoffs or leave their job have the shortest unemployment times. Re-entrants also tend to spend longer unemployed.

​​Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)

Below are the 7 Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) for children and youth to be self-sufficient by 25. These are evidence-based metrics that improve life outcomes for this population.

​Educational Attainment of the Population Ages 18-24

System of Record: American Community Survey, 1 year*

Update Schedule: Annual

Definitions: Educational attainment is measured as the highest amount or credential of education that an individual between 18 and 24 in Illinois has received.

Trends: The percentage of individuals without a High School education has declined over 25% between 2010 and 2016. All other attainment has remained relatively steady or slightly upward-trending, excepting Bachelor's Degree recipients, which increased 20% from 2010 to 2016.

​Educational Attainment of the Population Ages 25-64

System of Record: American Community Survey, 1 year*

Update Schedule: Annual

Definitions: Educational attainment is measured as the highest amount or credential of education that an individual between 25 and 64 in Illinois has received.

Trends: From 2008 to 2016, Illinois saw a decline in the share of working adults with less than high school or high school levels of education. More individuals achieved associate's, bachelor's, and master's degrees, with some college, professional degrees, and doctoral degrees remaining flat.

Median Earnings for Youth at Age 25 

System of Record: American Community Survey, 1 year*

Update Schedule: Annual

Definitions: The median income metric is a representation of the central tendency of earnings for individuals at age 25. This measurement captures wage and salary data, but does not include business or investment income. Median earnings tracks all earned income, including wage, salary, farm, and business, but not passive income like investments. Neither includes cash welfare or SSDI. Data is given in 2015 dollars.

Trends: The data displays a dip and recovery during and after the financial crisis of the late 2000s. Generally, Illinois' median earnings are fairly close to the national median. Earnings levels are slightly higher than income levels, indicating that a small group of individuals are earning income above the wage median, likely through business ownership or freelance contracting work.

The visualization for Median Earnings can be seen above, as it is also a PBOG.

 

System of Record: IDES

Update Schedule: Quarterly

Definitions: Unemployed individuals can file for unemployment insurance certification with IDES if they meet certain requirements (see <<this page>> for more information). New certifications refer to individuals who just lost a job and are filing for unemployment insurance, while total certifications also includes individuals who have continued to be certified as unemployed.

Trends:

Both new and total unemployment insurance certifications have trended downward over the past three years, consistent with continued economic growth. The unevenness of the number of certifications is due to seasonal unemployment.

The percentage of UI claimants under 25 has also fallen, indicating a strong labor market for young workers or that individuals are leaving the workforce. The line tracking this is based on the moving average, so the seasonality of work is not shown.

Percent of Unemployment Insurance Claimants under 25 Re-Employed in 1 Month and Retaining their Job for 2 Months 

System of Record: IDES

Update Schedule: Quarterly

Definitions: This metric considers employment availability and job stability. The bars indicate the number of people who were certified as unemployed two months before the indicated quarter. The first graph shows the percent of those people who had gained a job at least one month before the current quarter (job availability). The second graph shows the percent of the certified unemployed who kept that job in the current quarter (job stability).

Trends: The percentage of individuals who found a job has remained relatively constant over the past quarters. Those under 25 are consistently 1 to 2 percentage points higher than the general population. The percentage of individuals who find job stability has also remained relatively constant, about 9-10 percentage points lower than simply finding employment. There is no significant difference in job stability between the under 25 population and the general population.

 

System of Record: American Community Survey, 1 year*

Update Schedule: Annual

Definitions: A "working family" is defined as a family with at least one member reporting that they were employed at the time of the survey. Since there are many different cutoffs for federal antipoverty programs, "low income" is not defined, but is instead presented as a percentage of the Social Security Administration's poverty guidelines. Please visit IPUMS for more information on how the Census calculates poverty.

Trends:

​Student Loan Default Rate

System of Record: National Student Loan Data System

Update Schedule: Annual, with 2 year lag

Definitions: This averages, by school type, the percentage of students in a three year cohort that defaulted on their student loans. Data is from the National Student Loan Data System, maintained by the Department of Education.

Trends: The student loan default rate for Illinois schools fell from 2009 to 2014 as the economy recovered from the 2008 financial crisis and students were able to find employment to pay off their loans. This is in contrast to the national rate, which has remained mostly flat.

 Resources Cited

*Data from the ACS, where noted, is from the IPUMS database.

Steven Ruggles, Katie Genadek, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 7.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2017. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V7.0​.

 

**Data from the CPS, where noted, is from the IPUMS database.

Sarah Flood, Miriam King, Steven Ruggles, and J. Robert Warren. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series, Current Population Survey: Version 5.0. [dataset]. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2017. https://doi.org/10.18128/D030.V5.0.