Bicycling policy in Illinois affects everyone from the cyclists pedaling on our miles of trails, side-paths, and on-road facilities, to the students in our classrooms. Our legal statute reflects the diversity of our State's bicycle stakeholders and ensures that we advance safe and prudent non-motorized transportation policies. Review the current legal statutes related to bicycling in Illinois and discover how you fit into our Illinois Bicycling Legal
Federal Statute: MAP-21 and Title 23 of the United States Code
Federal statute has a significant impact on Illinois bicycling policies. Review federal transportation policy from an Illinois perspective.
On July 6th, 2012, President Obama signed into the law the
Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21), a two-year federal transportation funding and authorization bill. MAP-21 took effect on October 1st, 2012. Under MAP-21, three previously distinct non-motorized transportation programs are combined into a new
Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP)
- Transportation Enhancements (TE)
- Safe Routes to Schools (SRTS)
- Recreational Trails Program (RTP)
According to the U.S. Department of Transportation's Federal Highway Administration:
The Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP) authorized under Section 1122 of
MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 213(b), 101(a)(29)) provides funding for programs and projects defined as transportation alternatives, including on- and off-road pedestrian and bicycle facilities, infrastructure projects for improving non-driver access to public transportation and enhanced mobility, community improvement activities, and environmental mitigation; recreational trail program projects; safe routes to school projects; and projects for the planning, design or construction of boulevards and other roadways largely in the right-of-way of former Interstate System routes or other divided highways (FHWA,
Transportation Alternatives Interim Guidance).
Illinois received $28,340,786 for Transportation Alternatives. Governor Pat Quinn opted
not to opt-out of Recreational Trails funding, meaning that $1,525,297 of the TAP total will be dedicated to the Recreational Trails Program.
The State will work to ensure that the remaining funding in the TA program is dedicated to non-motorized transportation and the continued success of our SRTS programming. The Department will also explore the ability to use Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) and Surface Transportation Program (STP) funding on non-motorized transportation initiatives.
The Map-21 framework above joins preexisting bicycle and pedestrian provisions codified into U.S. Code : Title 23 - Highways. Chapter 2 (Other Highways) includes a section on "Bicycle transportation and pedestrian walkways".
23 USC § 217 -- Bicycle transportation and pedestrian walkways
Illinois Bikeway Act (605 ILCS 30)
- Designates the Illinois Department of Transportation,
as the State agency responsible for developing and coordinating a State-wide bikeways program and shall officially designate bikeways throughout the State.
- Establishes the Inter-Agency Bikeway Coordinating Working Group (IBCWG)
'Complete Streets' Legislation (P.A. 95-0665 amends 605 ILCS 5:
Illinois Highway Code)
- Provides that bicycle and pedestrian facilities
shall be established in conjunction with the construction, reconstruction, or other change of any State transportation facility in urban areas
- Provides that bicycle and pedestrian ways
may be included in pavement resurfacing projects depending on local support and the scope of the original roadwork
- Directs the Illinois Department of Transportation to establish design and construction standards for bicycle and pedestrian ways
'Share the Road' License Plate Legislation (625 ILCS 5/3-689) (P.A. 96-1006)
- Directs the Secretary of State to create 'Share the Road' specialty license plates
- Creates the 'Share the Road' fund with license plate registration fees to support educational programming from the League of Illinois Bicyclists